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Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance

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Dr Florian Knobloch

Dr Florian Knobloch

Centre Fellow

Policy Advisor, German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy


Dr Florian Knobloch is a Policy Advisor at the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, and a Fellow at the Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance (C-EENRG) at the University of Cambridge.

Dr Knobloch completed a PhD on the modelling of technology choice behavior in energy transitions at Radboud University Nijmegen, in collaboration with C-EENRG. He is an economist and environmental scientist by training, with degrees from the University of Cambridge (MPhil in Environmental Policy) and Humboldt-University of Berlin (MSc and BSc in Economics). His interdisciplinary background combines extensive training in economics, public policy, statistics, law, computing sciences, and dynamic systems modelling.

Amongst others, Dr Knobloch has previously worked as a researcher and lecturer at the Environmental Science Department of Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands), as a consultant for Cambridge Econometrics (UK), as a senior policy analyst for the Federation of German Industries (Germany), and as a visiting fellow for the energy policy team of Fundación Chile (Chile).


Research Interests

Dr Knobloch’s research focuses on the area of low-carbon innovation, public policy, macroeconomics, and climate change. His primary expertise lies in the analysis and computational modelling of energy and climate policies, with a focus on simulation methods for analysing the potential impacts of policy instruments on technology uptake and the wider economy. For this purpose, he combines empirical research on choice behaviour with the development of computational models of technological change.

As part of a consortium involving the University of Cambridge, Cambridge Econometrics, and the Open University, Dr Knobloch was part of the team that developed the simulation-based integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This modelling suite is currently being used to support policy assessment in several world regions, including Europe (European Commission, at DG ENERGY and DG CLIMA), Asia and America.

Over the last years, Dr Knobloch was involved in several multinational interdisciplinary research projects, including:

  • Building resilient evidence-based energy-water-food nexus policies for Brazil (project BRIDGE – Building Resilience In a Dynamic Global Economy. Complexity across scales in Brazil).

Dr Knobloch has published in peer-reviewed academic journals such as Nature Climate Change, Climate Policy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Energy Efficiency, and Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.


  • Economics
  • Climate Change
  • Energy
  • Behaviour Change
  • Modelling
  • Sustainability
  • Public Policy

Key Publications

For an up-to-date list of Dr Florian Knobloch's publications, please visit his Google Scholar profile.

Net emission reductions from electric cars and heat pumps in 59 world regions over time. F. Knobloch, S.V. Hanssen, A. Lam, H. Pollitt, P. Salas, U. Chewpreecha, Nature Sustainability (2020),

Modelling the effectiveness of climate policies: How important is loss aversion by consumers?, F. Knobloch, M.A.J. Huijbregts, and J.-F. Mercure, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 116, 109419 (2019),

Simulating the deep decarbonisation of residential heating for limiting global warming to 1.5C, F. Knobloch, H. Pollitt, U. Chewpreecha, V. Daioglou, and J.-F. Mercure, Energy Efficiency, 12, 521–550 (2019),

The behavioural aspect of green technology investments: A general positive model in the context of heterogeneous agents, F. Knobloch and J.-F. Mercure, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 21, 39-55 (2016),

Modelling innovation and the macroeconomics of low-carbon transitions: theory, perspectives and practical use, J.-F. Mercure, F. Knobloch, H. Pollitt, L. Paroussos, S. Scrieciu, and R. Lewney, Climate Policy, 19, 1019-1037 (2019),

System complexity and policy integration challenges: The Brazilian Energy-Water-Food Nexus, J.-F. Mercure, M. Paim, P. Bocquillon, S. Lindner, P. Salas, P. Martinelli, I. Berchin, J. de Andrade Guerra, C. Derani, C. de Albuquerque Junior, J. Ribeiro, F. Knobloch, H. Pollitt, N. Edwards, P. Holden, A. Foley, S. Schaphoff, R. Faraco, and J. Vinuales, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 105, 230–243 (2019),

Macroeconomic impact of stranded fossil fuel assets, J.-F. Mercure, H. Pollitt, J. E. Viñuales, N. R. Edwards, P. B. Holden, U. Chewpreecha, P. Salas, I. Sognnaes, A. Lam, and F. Knobloch, Nature Climate Change, 8, 588–593 (2018),

Climate–carbon cycle uncertainties and the Paris Agreement, 
P. B. Holden, N. R. Edwards, A. Ridgwell, R. D. Wilkinson, K. Fraedrich, F. Lunkeit, H. E. Pollitt, J.-F. Mercure, P. Salas, A. Lam, F. Knobloch, U. Chewpreecha, and J. E. Viñuales, Nature Climate Change, 8, 609–613 (2018),

Environmental impact assessment for climate change policy with the simulation-based integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE, J.-F. Mercure, H. Pollitt, N. R Edwards, P. B Holden, U. Chewpreecha, P. Salas, A. Lam, F. Knobloch, J. E Vinuales, Energy Strategy Reviews, 20, 195-208 (2018),

A technical analysis of FTT:Heat - A simulation model for technological change in the residential heating sector, F. Knobloch, J.-F. Mercure, H. Pollitt, U. Chewpreecha, and R. Lewney, European Commission (2017),

Policy-induced energy technological innovation and finance for low-carbon economic growth, J.-F. Mercure, F. Knobloch, H. Pollitt, R. Lewney, K. Rademakers, L. Eichler, J. van der Laan, and L. Paroussos, European Commission (2016), Macro-Energy_Innovation_D2 Final %28Ares registered%29.pdf